How to dress properly?
The main taboo is high-heeled or platform shoes. The heel should be no higher than 3-4 centimeters. You can also try to conquer the ice-covered sidewalks in shoes on a comfortable wedge.
Shoes with absolutely flat soles are contraindicated, especially if they harden in the cold. It is best to wear boots or shoes with a wide toe, thick corrugated soles with a mixed tread in ice (when a large pattern is combined with a small one).
Clothing should not hinder movement and impede visibility. It is best if the jacket is without a huge hood or high collar. In a soft down jacket, falling is less painful than in a thin jacket.
Do not take heavy bags with long handles with you – you can lose your balance because of them. If you are carrying multiple packages, try to evenly distribute the weight between both hands. The most convenient option in ice is a shoulder bag, like a postman.
How to walk without falling?
- Imagine yourself as a penguin. Bend your legs slightly, do not strain your knees, mince, stepping on the entire sole. It may look funny, but it works.
- Do not walk fast, do not raise your legs high. The smaller the step, the better. In the most dangerous places, you can slowly slide.
- Never keep your hands in your pockets in ice. Falling in this case threatens with serious injuries. Slightly spread your arms to the sides and balance.
- Slipped – sit down. If you fall, then from a lower height. Throw away everything that you have in your hands: packages or a bag. Wave your hands, the stronger the better. It helps you stay on your feet.
How to behave on the street to avoid falling?
- Refuse to talk on the phone on the go or use a headset.
- Concentrate all your attention on the slippery road. Try to follow in the footsteps of others or along the edge of the sidewalk – usually there is less rolling. Remember: there can also be ice under the snow, so be extremely careful.
- Show solidarity: if you see someone falling next to you, help them keep their balance.
- Remember that the most dangerous in ice are stairs (it is recommended to put both feet on each step, and not walk as usual), roadsides, iron manhole covers, as well as places with a decent slope. Try to avoid these places.
- Do a little warm-up before leaving the house to improve coordination. Sit down 20 times, rise on tiptoe 10-15 times.
- Never run across an icy road in front of a flying car, even across a pedestrian crossing. It is better to wait until the car passes or stops. The driver may be distracted, and you may slip and fall right on the road. And the braking distance in ice is much longer.
How to fall without breaking anything?
If you start to fall, tighten your muscles and try to regroup.
If you fall backwards, spread your arms out to the sides so you don’t land on your elbows. Arch your back in an arc, pull your chin to your chest – this will save the back of your head from hitting. If possible, try to shift your body weight to the side – falling backwards is considered the most traumatic.
If you fall forward, bend at the elbows and tighten your arms to absorb the impact. Push a little as you fall with your feet forward to slide further.
If you fall on your side, do not spread your arms to the sides, press them to the body. Arch your back in an arc, shrink into a ball, pull your legs to your chest.
If you fall on the stairs, cover your head and face with your hands. Do not try to slow down the fall, otherwise you will get more fractures.
What parts of the body should not fall on?
- On the buttocks. It threatens with injuries of the coccyx or a fracture of the femoral neck.
- On the palm of an outstretched hand. It is fraught with complex fractures.
- On knees. Get a kneecap injury.
- On the elbows. Leads to clavicle fractures.
What to do if you still fall?
Contact the emergency room. Not all injuries show up right away, so it’s best to be safe.
Apply cold to the bruised area for 20 minutes, with breaks every five minutes. A day later, if the swelling has subsided, you can apply warming ointments to the bruises.
How to make shoes less slippery?
- Go to a shoe shop and they will put a non-slip rubber pad on the sole.
- Stick a few pieces of plaster on the sole yourself. This will make the shoes less slippery for several hours.
- The plaster can be replaced with more resistant felt or pieces of sandpaper.
- Rub the soles of old shoes with sandpaper or a grater.
- Small screws can be screwed into the thick corrugated sole.
- Buy in a sports store ice access – special anti-slip pads for shoes.
- If you have nowhere to glue, rub or buy protection, find the largest cotton socks and pull them over your boots or boots. Or take a ski pole with a pointed end with you.