What is powerlifting
Powerlifting is a strength sport that consists of three lifts: the squat lift, the bench press, and the deadlift. Otherwise, it is called power triathlon.
The goal of the athlete is to take the maximum weight in each exercise and summarize the results. The resulting number is the main indicator that the powerlifter analyzes. It also counts in competition.
Powerlifting should not be confused with weightlifting and bodybuilding. They have different goals, training programs and methods.
Weightlifters compete in two lifts, the clean and jerk and the snatch, at high speed. Bodybuilders, on the other hand, strive to develop all muscle groups as much as possible and achieve reference body proportions.
Not only special exercises help them in this, but also diets. And the results are evaluated by a panel of judges or a jury that gives points.
Why do powerlifting
People usually start powerlifting to:
- Vary strength exercises. For example, if you have been training in the gym for several years and you are tired of the usual complexes.
- Gain muscle mass. It is difficult to find a thin powerlifter: the emphasis on strength training ensures muscle growth.
- Pump the strength of the legs, back, pectoral muscles and arms. The three main exercises in powerlifting are aimed specifically at them.
- Develop self-discipline. Everything here is like in any other sport: if you want to achieve results, you need regularity in training.
Who Shouldn’t Powerlift
Powerlifting is the most loyal sport: people aged 12 to 80 can do it. However, before training, it is necessary to undergo a medical examination and identify contraindications in order to avoid injury.
It is especially important to visit a doctor before starting classes for people:
- with diseases of the cardiovascular system;
- with disorders in the work of the musculoskeletal system;
- in the presence of hernias and protrusions;
- with severe visual impairment (glaucoma, astigmatism, etc.).
What type of powerlifting should you start with?
There are two types of powerlifting: unequipped and equipped. The first is also called classical triathlon.
An athlete engaged in raw powerlifting is allowed to use shoes for squatting (weightlifters), shoes for pulling (wrestling), a belt, wristlets, knee pads, tights and leggings.
In equipment powerlifting, different clothes are provided for each exercise. For the squat – a special jumpsuit, T-shirt, hard bandages on the knees and a belt. For the bench – bench shirt, tights, belt, wristbands. For traction – overalls and a T-shirt, a belt and, if desired, knee bandages.
Special equipment allows the athlete to maximize their potential and lift more weight. The principle of operation for all attributes is the same: they tighten the muscular frame, exerting strong pressure on the skin and muscles. Due to this, for the same person, when performing the exercise, the difference in working weight can be 50–70 kg.
Beginning athletes should choose classical triathlon, because it is easier and classes do not bring much discomfort. The fact is that special equipment is very tight. And before putting it on, you need to prepare the body for heavy loads and learn how to perform exercises with high quality.
How to prepare for exercise
To begin with, it is worth getting advice from a trainer who is well versed in human anatomy and physiology. He will help you choose an individual program and put the beginner in the correct technique for performing exercises. A coach is especially needed if a person is going to do triathlon professionally. Also, it will not be superfluous to visit some good section or powerlifting school.
Before starting a workout, be sure to do a warm-up: rotation in the joints, stretching, jumping, squatting and push-ups without weight. When the muscles are sufficiently warmed up, you can proceed to the main part of the workout.
How to do powerlifting exercises
It is usually recommended to perform exercises in the following sequence: squats, bench press, deadlift.
You should not strive for any specific indicators of weight that can be lifted. Everything here depends on the individual training plan.
But if we talk about averages, then the minimum weight for both men and women is 10 kg. For beginners, it should not exceed your own.
This is a universal exercise that works several muscle groups at once: back, buttocks and quadriceps.
Video: moscowsila / YouTube
There are two types of deadlift – classic and sumo. You can start with anyone.
1. Classic pull. Grab the bar shoulder-width apart, put your feet already hands, feet parallel to each other. Take your shoulder blades and shoulders back a little. The movement begins with the legs: the quadriceps and buttocks are tense, the arms pull the bar. When the bar has passed 20-30% of the amplitude, you should start moving with your back, fully straighten in the lower back and fix in the final position.
2. Sumo deadlift. It is preferred by most athletes, because the position of the legs in it is more stable. Spread your legs wider than your shoulders – the taller you are, the wider they should be. Take the pelvis back, keep your back and head straight. Turn your feet at a 45° angle.
Place the bar near your feet, do a deep squat and take the projectile with a narrow grip. Rise up due to the muscles of the legs, straighten the legs, body and bring the shoulder blades together. The arms should remain straight and should not be raised. Then lower the bar.
Common rookie mistakes:
- back rounding;
- a strong tilt of the head forward;
- performing the exercise in jerks.
What other exercises should be included in training
Beginners and professional athletes can diversify their workouts with auxiliary exercises for additional muscle pumping. For example:
1. Push-ups: 10 reps for 2 sets. They will help to further strengthen the muscles of the chest, shoulders and arms, improve posture. If the exercise is not yet given to you, perform it from the bench.
2. Stepping onto the platform: 10 reps per leg, 2 sets. The exercise will help to work out all the main muscle groups of the legs.
3. Forward lunges: 8 reps per leg, 2 sets. Needed to improve coordination and development of the gluteal muscles.
4. Glute Bridge: 15 reps, 2 sets. Exercise is also great for strengthening the gluteal muscles.
How often should you practice
Between workouts, you should pause at least 72 hours – that is, you should visit the gym two days later on the third. As a result, there will be two workouts one week, and three the next.
Exercises on the legs, arms and back must be alternated with each other. For example, in one workout you do the squat and deadlift, and in another workout you do the deadlift and bench press.