If you become ill, the doctor immediately sends you to a general blood test. It is taken from a vein or from a finger. What do her scores say?

For biochemical analysis, blood should be taken only from a vein and always on an empty stomach. After all, if you drink in the morning, for example, coffee with sugar, the glucose content in the blood will change and the analysis will be incorrect.

It is best to take a general blood test after a short rest, since some indicators may change with excitement and physical stress.

A competent doctor will definitely take into account your gender and physiological state. For example, in women during menstruation, the ESR increases and the number of platelets decreases.

According to Sibkray.ru, a general blood test provides more information about inflammation and the state of the blood, and a biochemical analysis is responsible for the functional and organic state of the internal organs – the liver, kidneys and pancreas.

General analysis indicators

Hemoglobin – this blood pigment is found in red blood cells, its main function is the transfer of oxygen from the lungs to the tissues and the removal of carbon dioxide from the body.

Normal values ​​for men are 130-160 g / l, women – 120 – 140 g / l.

Low hemoglobin occurs with anemia, blood loss, latent internal bleeding, with damage to internal organs.

It can rise with dehydration, with blood diseases and some types of heart failure.

Erythrocytes – These are blood cells that contain hemoglobin.

Its normal values ​​are (4.0 – 5.1) * 10 to the 12th degree / l and (3.7-4.7) * 10 to the 12th degree / l for men and women, respectively.

An increase in red blood cells may be associated with high altitude in the mountains, as well as with congenital or acquired heart defects, diseases of the bronchi, lungs, kidneys and liver. It can also happen due to an excess of steroid hormones in the body. for example, in Cushing’s disease and syndrome or in the treatment of hormonal drugs.

A decrease is possible with anemia, acute blood loss, with chronic inflammatory processes in the body, as well as in late pregnancy.

– it should be 3.5-6.5 mmol / liter. A decrease is possible with insufficient and irregular nutrition and hormonal diseases. The increase is in diabetes mellitus.

total protein – the norm is 60-80 grams / liter. Decreases with deterioration of the liver, kidneys, malnutrition.

total bilirubin should be no higher than 20.5 mmol / liter. This indicator shows how the liver works. Increase – with hepatitis, cholelithiasis, destruction of red blood cells.

Creatinine should be no more than 0.18 mmol / liter. He is responsible for the work of the kidneys. Exceeding the norm is a sign of kidney failure, if less, then you need to increase immunity.

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