What is a photoepilator in general terms is known to many — this is a device designed for painless and effective removal of body hair. Manufacturers, and cosmetologists assure that the procedure is absolutely safe. The opportunity to conduct hair removal sessions at home is attractive for various reasons. But if everything is clear with the appointment, then the principle of operation of a household photoepilator raises questions. All this calls into question the effectiveness of the procedures. Consider how the photoepilator works in order to understand the feasibility of acquiring it.

More about photoepilators

Devices for photoepilation have long been used in aesthetic cosmetology, but only recently the equipment has become available. for home use. Specialized modifications that are purchased for salons are expensive, unlike more affordable «home» models.

Photoepilator for home

The scope of the epilator directly depends on its characteristics and design features. There are universal devices for all types of hair or narrow-profile ones, only for dark ones. In addition, there are models with a limited resource (number of flashes) or with replaceable photo lamps.

Photoepilators are used according to a certain scheme, their principle of action is aimed at a gradual reduction in hair growth, and the result is long-term: from a couple of years to seven to eight. Before the first sessions, the user must be familiar with the rules of operation, watch several video reviews.

How it works

So how does it work? It’s simple: the device has special lamp, when turned on, it sends out a light pulse (flash). The power of this wave is enough to heat up and literally explode the hair follicle, after which the hair will no longer grow.

Dark hair contain melanin, thanks to which they perfectly absorb light and heat, transmitting an impulse to the root. The light flash does not have a significant effect on the skin areas in the treatment area, because they have a very low content of melanin, or it is completely absent.

The probability of burning or injuring soft tissues is excluded, of course, with proper operation and setting the power of the device.

The principle of operation of the photoepilator

As you can see, the general principle of the photoepilator is quite simple and explains the requirements for its use. Treatment light hair on dark skin only possible with Elos technology: the hair simply will not absorb the light and heat of the IPL pulse. IPL hair removal on very dark skin is generally prohibited, there is a chance of getting burned. Such a device is not able to recognize hairs and transmit an impulse to them, thermal radiation will be absorbed by all dark areas.

Photoepilation technologies

There are two current technologies used in photoepilators: IPL and Elos. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages. The principle of action on the hair follicle in IPL and Elos is similar, but there are also significant differences that affect the peculiarity of the photoepilator and even its effectiveness.

IPL Features

The IPL system is patented by the Israeli developer Lumenis Ltd, analogues of this technology are referred to as M-Light, iPulse, FPL, HLE, SPL, E-Light. There are other markings, but they all imply a single principle of operation: the creation and transmission of an intense light pulse.

IPL photoepilators act on hairs in the growth stage — this is about a third of the entire hairline. Perfectly smooth skin can be achieved only with the systematic use of the device for 6-8 months, the result of the procedures will last about 2-3 years.

Beurer IPL 10000

Home photoepilator Beurer IPL 10000 + SalonPro

This principle of operation explains the existence models with fixed lamps, whose resource is limited by the number of flashes. For example, a device with a modest rate of 50,000 or 80,000 flashes can be effectively used to remove hair on the face or armpits. The resource will last for about a year, and during this time each hair follicle will be in the growth stage.

IPL technology is safe for fair or slightly tanned skin. To achieve maximum results, it is recommended to use a sunscreen (SPF 30+) before the procedure, and a soothing gel after.

A month before photoepilation, you should not use an electric epilator, remove hair with wax or sugar.

The disadvantages of IPL are that such devices only work on dark hair, leaving light and fine hairs unharmed. It is impossible to use such a photoepilator on dark skin, because the light pulse will spread over the entire area, and this can lead to burns.


Elos technology is the pinnacle of technical progress in the field of cosmetology, it is the latest Israeli system that combines a light pulse (similar to IPL) and a bipolar current. Elos-based devices are always powered by the network, they are more expensive and are a portable station (the design resembles a wired telephone).

Elos epilation technology

Despite the fact that Elos and IPL devices are technically different, both are commonly referred to as “photoepilator”.

The principle of operation for devices of this type is similar to IPL, but here the efficiency of the light pulse is increased by an electric one. If IPL worked only on dark hair, then the combination of two pulses allows you to remove the roots of hair of any type and color. In addition, Elos is the safest technology, such devices can be used on any skin.

The advantages of the system are obvious:

  1. It has the same effect on all types of hair: light, dark, gray, red, thin or vellus.
  2. Possibility of hair removal on the skin of any shade, including very swarthy. You can also use such devices on dry, sensitive or inflamed skin.
  3. Compared to IPL, Elos epilation gives a better effect, the removed hair will not grow back for several years.

Thus, Elos hair removal is the safest and most effective way to remove hair today. Portable epilators for home based on this technology are available for purchase and are presented in various versions. The only negative is the cost, Elos epilators are more expensive than IPL versions, and the difference is very noticeable.

iluminage ME 200K

Elos epilator iluminage ME 200K

Potential Harm

The effectiveness and safety of photoepilation has been proven not only by manufacturers, but also by users. The only thing not to be forgotten is contraindications to procedures. Powerful pulses heat the hair roots up to about 70°, the heat also spreads to the skin. In certain situations, this can be harmful to human health; a description of contraindications is always contained in the user manual and operating rules.

Neglecting the requirements for photoepilation can lead to irritation, inflammation and slight burns (low power of household appliances will not allow irreparable harm to the skin). There are other, more serious consequences in the presence of certain diseases.

Otherwise, the photoepilator is a fairly simple and safe device for aesthetic cosmetology. Models for home use have been tested, their design is optimized for independent use. Consider how to properly carry out photoepilation in order to avoid possible negative consequences.

Stages of the procedure

When starting photoepilation, you should take into account all the positive and negative aspects of the procedure, as well as adhere to the simple rules for its implementation. Success depends on a competent approach of a specialist.

The scope of the procedure may be:

  • face;
  • arms;
  • legs;
  • armpits
  • antennae in the region of the upper lip;
  • bikini zones (including deep ones).


To properly prepare for the process, you need to follow a number of useful recommendations. First of all, you should seek the advice of a specialist who will conduct the necessary examination. He will be able to determine the type of skin, as well as choose the optimal parameters for light radiation. Much attention is paid to the presence of abrasions and wounds: they should not be in the treated area.

Photoepilation of the face

Photoepilation of the face

The following rules should be noted.

  1. Two weeks before the procedure, it is forbidden to sunbathe on the beach or in the solarium. Skin color should be uniform.
  2. There should be no irritation and burns on the skin, as they provoke the appearance of scars.
  3. After the procedure, you can not use the machine for shaving. Only a razor can provide the rigidity required for processing.
  4. The length of the hair must be more than 2 mm, otherwise the action of the impulse will be reduced to zero.

Compliance with all of the above points will minimize the unpleasant moments of the procedure.

Leather treatment in the salon

The sequence of the process is as follows.

  1. The client is located on the couch, exposes the problem area of ​​the skin and puts on goggles.
  2. A special gel is applied to the skin, which serves as a protective layer against burns.
  3. A manipulator with a tip, the function of which is anesthesia, is carried out over the desired area of ​​​​the body. It evenly distributes impulses.
  4. After the end of the procedure, the gel is removed from the skin.
  5. A soothing cream is applied to the skin.

Photoepilation in the salon

Usually the process of photoepilation is not accompanied by pain. The exception is the bikini area. About unpleasant manifestations should be told to a specialist. He will be able to lengthen the interval between impulses, as a result of which the burning and tingling will be eliminated.

Photoepilation is carried out at home. There is a wide range of portable devices on the market, which are characterized by ease of operation and a high level of efficiency.

How to work as a home photoepilator

The procedure, carried out independently at home, involves the following steps.

  1. After preparation, the device is turned on and brought to the skin. The sensors of the device serve as indicators: they show how correctly the settings are selected for the type of skin and hairline. When normal, the indicator glows green. If the mode is selected incorrectly, then the red color lights up. Some modern devices are able to automatically adjust to the color of the ox and the type of skin.
  2. A special gel is applied, which scatters the rays and reduces pain in problem areas.
  3. To achieve the best effect, the epilator is driven horizontally at an angle of 45°.
  4. After the end of the procedure, the device signals with a sound, and the epilator moves to another part of the skin, or the procedure ends. On average, 50 pulses provide processing of a zone with an area of ​​5 cm. This indicator is taken into account when moving the nozzle after the signal.

Photoepilation at home

Post-procedure care

During the first hours after the procedure, the skin retains its original color, but later small red spots and a tingling sensation may appear. A change in pigmentation should not be alarming — this is a common manifestation that needs to be neutralized.

During the procedure, it is recommended to keep the skin covered. In the summer, this is an inconvenience, but you have to be patient, as the end result is worth it.

After photoepilation is advised:

  • subject the skin area to treatment with «panthenol» or agents with a similar effect;
  • the first 2 days do not use cosmetics containing alcohol and chemicals;
  • exclude the application of a greasy cream, as it creates a film of fat and prevents oxygen from entering the skin;
  • do not take hot baths;
  • do not visit saunas or solariums;
  • take a cool shower;
  • consume more water (minimum 1.5 l), as the skin becomes dry after the procedure;
  • keep away from direct sunlight.


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